Dissertations (Master's) MAED

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    Instructors’ experience on the use of information communication technology in facilitating student -teachers learning in two selected teachers’ colleges in Morogoro, Tanzania
    (Mzumbe University, 2020) Josephaty John
    This study mainly intended to examine instructors’ experience on the use of ICT to facilitate student-teachers learning in two selected Teachers’ Colleges in Morogoro, Tanzania. The study was guided by three specific objectives: (i) to identify instructors’ teaching skills on the use of ICT in enhancing student-teachers learning, (ii) to assess instructors’ gender differences on the use of ICT in facilitating student-teachers learning and (iii) to examine instructors’ experiences and opportunities on the use of ICT in facilitating student-teachers learning in Teachers’ Colleges in Morogoro region. The diffusion of innovation theory and technological acceptance model guided the current study. The study was conducted in two selected teachers’ colleges of Morogoro and Dakawa teachers’ colleges with a total of fifty (50) respondents who were obtained through simple random and purposive sampling procedures. The study used a descriptive survey design in gathering data through questionnaires, interview guides, and observation checklist. Qualitative data were thematically analysed while quantitative data were descriptively analysed, where frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation were computed through SPSS version 20. Quantitative data were presented in frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation within the tables while those from the interview were presented in the quotations for explicit interpretation. The findings reveal varied instructors’ teaching skills and experiences on the use of ICT in teaching and learning. The use of internet based, word processing, and power point presentation skills were common while the use of web-based video conferencing skills was hardly used among instructors. Moreover, the findings found gender difference on the use ICT. The disparity among female and male instructors was contextualised as all had equal opportunities for ICT use in TCs. Theoretically, the study implies that the use of ICT as innovation is individuals’ perceptions, hence should be timely adopted. Lastly, the study recommends that policymakers to establish guidelines that raise awareness to both instructors and students on the best ways to integrate and use ICT to facilitating T/L.
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    Assessing the effectiveness of academic delivery in higher learning institutions in Tanzania: a case of three selected universities
    (Mzumbe University, 2020) Mtandi, Raiza
    . This study assessed the effectiveness of academic delivery in higher learning institutions in Tanzania. The specific objectives included; to find out the extent do lecturers understand and apply instructional methodologies; to explore students‟ perception towards instructional methodologies; and to identify strategies that universities employ to foster effective teaching. The study used a descriptive research design employing a sample of 257 respondents who were obtained through simple random, stratified and purposive sampling techniques. Data were collected using focus group discussions, semi structured questionnaires, observation, and personal interviews. Thematic analysis was used to analyze qualitative data while quantitative data were analyzed using excel and results were presented using narratives and tables respectively. The findings indicate that, lecturers understand and apply both traditional and modern methods of teaching. It was noted that students understanding and preference on teaching methodologies vary among them. To ensure effective academic delivery, universities have established coordinating units; engage in collaborative projects and establish some relevant policies. It was also found that teaching and learning materials and facilities do not match with the number of lecturers and students leading to struggle to ensure that enough facilities are provided to support and promote effective teaching. The findings imply that, lecturers support students learning by preparing themselves before delivery of their lessons. On the other hand, universities are said to be supporting teaching for effective academic delivery through provision of teaching and learning materials. The study concluded that there are similar teaching practices and some variations among the studied universities. The study recommends the selected universities to establish frameworks to govern the day-to-day innovative teaching. This should be accompanied with sufficient provision of modern teaching and learning facilities as well as regular pedagogical training of academic staff.
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    ICT integration in teaching and learning: a case of selected secondary schools in Morogoro municipal council, Tanzania
    (Mzumbe University, 2020) Simbeye Vumilia
    The past few years witnessed a host of activities aimed at injecting ICT in Tanzania’s education sector. Some schools especially the private schools in the urban centers, especially Dar es Salaam, are already using ICT facilities without a very clear formal setting or a policy framework. Tanzania like other countries in Africa adopted the use of ICT in education as ICT transforms many aspects of our lives as we live in an environment that is dominated by technology which itself is consumer-driven (Semenov, 2005). No matter how we perceive its presence, there is no denying that it is an important part of our lives and that it is here to stay. This study assessed ICT integration in teaching and learning from selected secondary schools. The study specifically assessed the common aspects of teaching and learning where ICT is mostly used, assessed the availability of ICT facilities in the selected secondary schools and the ICT integration in teaching and learning, the achievements resulted from ICT integration in teaching and learning in secondary schools and identified the challenges of ICT integration in teaching and learning. The study approach was qualitative. It employed in-depth interview, focused group discussion, observation and documentary analysis as a data collection tools from the sample of 163 respondents. Content analysis was found appropriate in the analysis of the collected data for the study. The findings indicated that the level of ICT integration in secondary schools was low due to inadequate resources, inadequate ICT knowledge and skills among teachers, poor management support, and lack of motivation. The study recommended that more efforts should be employed to ensure that there is ICT integration in teaching and learning. In order to improve ICT integration level in secondary schools, the school owners including the government ought to provide more ICT facilities create supportive ICT infrastructure and conduct training to teachers on how to employ the technology. The policy should also clearly address the issues of ICT integration in schools for effective implementation.
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    Stakeholders’ perceptions on adoption of blended learning approach in selected secondary schools in Morogoro municipality
    (Mzumbe University, 2020) Mwamkinga , Tusekile A
    The study explored the stakeholders‟ perceptions on the adoption of blended learning approach (BLA) in selected secondary schools in Morogoro Municipality, Tanzania. Specifically, the study aimed to: determine stakeholders‟ knowledge and attitude on the adoption of blended learning approach in selected secondary schools; examine the learning environments which support the adoption of BLA in selected secondary schools; assess the extent to which the BLA is used in teaching and learning in selected secondary schools. The study employed a mixed-methods research approach and a case study design. A sample size of 74 respondents from two selected secondary schools was used to inform this study. Interviews, participant observation, questionnaires and documentary review were used to collect data. Quantitative data analysis was mainly descriptive and was done by the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), while the thematic content analysis was employed to analysis qualitative data. Findings reveal that stakeholders perceived the BLA as a teaching model of combining traditional and modern methods. It involves the use of computers, internet, projectors that help to provide appropriate learning materials within a limited learning time. Also, stakeholders had positive attitudes towards the contribution of BLA on students‟ meaningful learning. Moreover, it was found that BLA exposed students to real objects that support fast understanding, hence motivated learning through the use of audio-visual materials. The findings further show that the learning environment in the selected secondary schools was supportive to the adoption of blended learning. The application level of BLA was 60%., furthermore, two-third of the teachers were trained to use BLA. In conclusion, BLA is perceived to improve academic achievement through learning thus, the resolution to the challenges would promote its application in the classroom. It is commended that the government install necessary facilities that could support the use of BL in schools as per the curriculum demands.
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    Influence of pastoralists’ perception of vocational education and training on enrolling their children in vocational education and training centers: A case of Hanang District council
    (Mzumbe University, 2020) Theophil, Ammo
    The study aimed at exploring the Influence of pastoralists’ perception of vocational education and training on enrolling their children in vocational education and training in hanang district council. Specifically, the study determined the perceptions of community members on Vocational Education and Training; determined the trend of enrolment of children from pastoral communities in VET, and found out determinants of parents’ decisions to send their children in VET. The study was conducted in Hanang District council involving mainly the pastoral communities. The case study design was used. The DESO, DEO and principals of the Vocational Training Centre (VTC) were purposefully selected as potential respondents in the study. The stratified sampling was employed to select educators and heads of households. The interview, questionnaire and documentary review methods were used to collect data. Findings indicate that the pastoral community perceived VET as an alternative education system for providing practical skills and knowledge to young generation. However, in the same stance, VET is conceived to be for students who have failed to continue with further education. In terms of enrolment findings revealed it to be relatively low in the selected VTCs. Factors such as low education levels among parents, irrelevance of available programmers were mentioned. The fact that Vet is not compulsory, lack of parents’ interest for VET because it does not contribute to family economic growth; it resulted into unwillingness of parents to enroll their children for VET. Basing on the discussion of findings, there was absence of exemplary graduates to act as role models to attract parents to enroll their children to VET in the surrounding area. Parent demonstrated low motivation to send children in the VET schools. In conclusion; the poor perception of VET quality undermines willingness of parents to enroll the children. The study suggest for government and private partnership to improve the quality and status of VET by increasing the quality of educators, provision of learning materials and the use of technology in teaching.