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Welcome to Mzumbe University Institutional Repository (MUIR), an open-access digital archive managed by Mzumbe University Library. We collect, organize, preserve, showcase, and share digital materials created by Mzumbe University scholarly community. Our goal is to offer free access to academic works for researchers and the general public.

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Recent Submissions

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The influence of criteria for appointment of women in leadership positions in Tanzanian primay schools: A case of Ikungi District
(Mzumbe University, 2018) Ndimbo, Alfons S.
This study addressed the influence of criteria for the appointment of women in leadership positions in primary schools in Ikungi district, Tanzania. The study aimed at examining the factors that limit women from participating into leadership positions, challenges that women head teachers faces in their leadership positions and perceptions of teachers and community members concerning female head teachers. The study used both qualitative and quantitative approaches and the methods of data collection used were questionnaires and interview. Content analysis was used in analyzing data obtained through interviews and those from questionnaires were analyzed through statistical package for social science (SPSS) version 16.0. The findings revealed that, the criteria of appointments limit women participation in leadership positions through personal factors such as refusal of leadership posts, lack of confidence, lack of qualifications and family issues, also societal factors such as negative attitude by the society and traditional believes (witchcraft and super situations),organizational factors such as weak policy, and biasness in appointments, and informal factors such corruptions, nepotism and political affiliations. Furthermore, the findings revealed that the challenges facing women head teachers includes jealous and conflicts from their husband, negative reactions from the community, poor traditional believes, multiple roles, and shortage of funds. The study recommended that the policy used for the recommendations of head teachers in Tanzania should consider gender balance, the policy for appointment should encourage transparency to avoid favoritism and biasness in the appointment and recruitment process, the activists and other stake holders should provide education based on gender equity in both rural and urban and also fight against negative cultural values emanating from the community which encourage negative perception and those marginalizing women in leadership.
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Free education and its effects on teaching and learning development in Tanzania: A case of selected primary schools in Masasi District
(Mzumbe University, 2018) Ndunguru, Patrick
This study provides the profile on financing of the free education and its effects on the development of teaching and learning in primary schools in Masasi district. The study aimed at examining the effectiveness of financing free education alongside stakeholders’ perceptions on free education policy. The study specifically focused at examining the trend and effectiveness in financing free primary education, assessing the perceptions of teacher and parents on free education policy, and assessing the effects of free education on teaching and learning development in primary schools. The study employed a mixed research design which is dominated by qualitative aspects; Masasi district was used as a case. 86 participants were involved in a sample set, whereby simple random and purposive sampling techniques were employed in selecting them. Methods which were used to collect data included interview, questionnaire, observation and documentary analysis. Acquired data were analysed in accordance with their nature whereby qualitative data were analysed using content analysis method. On the other hand, quantitative data were analysed using SPSS as well as Microsoft Excel. The study found that the government has been providing capitation funds regularly to all public primary schools. The financing seemed not effective because the amount provided does not match with what was exactly needed in schools with regard to the number of pupils as far as the regulations are concerned. The findings show that despite the fact that parents were told not to pay school fees and other contribution, the implementation of the policy still involves payments of some voluntary contributions which to some extent are the ―must-be-paid‖ contributions. With this, the free education implemented under the Education and Training Policy of 2014 is not free as it is being announced. Findings also revealed that free education had both positive and negative effects. On positive effects, it allows many children to access education regardless sex or their physical functionality. On the other hand, it is undeniable that there are some negative effects such as unequal ratios of teacher-pupil, Pupil-book, classroom-pupil, as well as lavatory-pupil.
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Effectiveness of internal audit function as corporate governance mechanism in Tanzanian public sector: The case of internal auditor general’s division
(Mzumbe University, 2019) Kimaro, Godlove
In order to succeed an organization need to have good corporate governance. Internal audit functions as a service to management can ensure this by being effective. The main aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the internal audit function as a corporate governance mechanism in the public sector in Tanzania with special focus on the office of the Internal Auditor General’s Division (IAGD).The study specifically endeavoured to determine the status of internal audit as a corporate governance tool in Tanzania, to determine internal audit good practices ensuring sound corporate governance and identifying factors that affect directly the effectiveness of the internal audit function in the Tanzanian public sector. The study employed a case study technique. Purposive sampling was used to collect data from all the internal auditors in the offices of IAGD. Out of a total of 34 respondents, a total of 28 (82.35%) responded. This study employed both primary and secondary information. The results from the analysis concluded that the effectiveness of the internal audit function as a corporate governance mechanism in the public sector in Tanzania is brought about by all the examined factors except segregation of duties. Also, it was found that effectiveness of internal audit function had led to good corporate governance at IAGD. Recommendations were made to both the central government and IAGD. The central government was advised to review the structure, nature of appointment and recruitment process, overlap of functions, nature of distribution of tasks and responsibilities, and the number of employees in IAGD. Also, the management of Internal Auditor General’s Division were advised to make sure audit recommendations are implemented by audited entities and provide its employees with all support needed.
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Effectiveness of government audit in ensuring accountability of clients in Zanzibar
(Mzumbe University, 2014) Kassim, Rashid Mohamed
The purpose of the study was assessed the effectiveness of government audit to ensure accountability of the clients in Zanzibar. The study was focused on assessing the contribution of government audit in managing public resources are responsibly and effectively, assessing the oversight functions of government entities, examining the role of Government audit in minimizing the chances of misuse and mismanage public resource and assess the reliability to the financial statement opinion provided by the government auditors to the intended users. This study adopted the multi embedded case study design and employed qualitative and descriptive statistics. A population of 121 was selected from External and Internal Auditors, Accountants, Director of Audit and Senior Officers from Ministry of Finance and House of Representatives using stratified simple random sampling. The study found that there is little contribution of government audit in managing public resources are responsibly and effectively to achieve the intended result, the due to fact that Government auditors have not fully covered the audit mandate, often some of the government auditors are not abide with the code of ethics, Public Account Committee faces some challenges on exercising their duties which include lack of skills that can cover all aspects ranging from information technology, financial management and public administration, also operate within a limited budget, increases workload and backlogs and the power of PAC in Zanzibar is limited to making recommendations to the House of Representative, most common type of audit approach is vouching audit and there is lack of autonomy in term of finance and employee, under the reliability of financial statement opinion the study showed that some of the audit staffs have no familiar with application of standards and improper planning during the audit work. The study recommends that various strategies that can be employed to address the above challenges. Such strategies include; repeals of the Establishment of Office of the Controller and Auditor General Act number 11 of 2003, revised some of the provision of the Constitution of Zanzibar of 1984 and continuous capacitate of government auditors and PAC through training on the auditing matters.
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An assessment of the challenges facing property tax collection system: A case study of Kinondoni Municipal
(Mzumbe University, 2013) Raymond, Elibariki
Property tax is among the internal reliable and economical sources of revenue for the municipals since it is easy to collect when the system is effective. Efficiency in the property tax collection system depends on many things, the two (2) major things that are taxpayer education and the level of public service provide by the government in return. The purpose of this study was to assess the challenges facing property tax collection system in Kinondoni Municipal and to suggest measures to improve the situation. Data were collected from sampled lgas/tra officials and property taxpayers within the region. Questionnaires, observation and interview were the methods employed to collect data from the selected sample of 150 residents from Tandale, Manzese, Sinza, Kinondoni and Mikocheni. Statistical package spss was employed to facilitate the analysis of data which was done using descriptive statistics. Resistance from settlers who claims that they don’t see what their money does because they still live with garbage on their gates is the big challenge observed in this thesis. Unawareness of property tax, inadequacy in the system, obsolete database and long valuation procedures were also identified as challenge. to address the challenges, an immediate attention by the authorities responsible is required to tackle the challenges so as to make the system effective to get the desired results.