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Welcome to Mzumbe University Institutional Repository (MUIR), an open-access digital archive managed by Mzumbe University Library. We collect, organize, preserve, showcase, and share digital materials created by Mzumbe University scholarly community. Our goal is to offer free access to academic works for researchers and the general public.

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Recent Submissions

Antecedents of continued usage intentions of web-based learning management system in Tanzania
(Education + Training, 2015) Komba Mercy; Tandi Luoga
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine factors that predict students’ continued usage intention of web-based learning management systems (LMS) in Tanzania, with a specific focus on the School of Business of Mzumbe University. Specifically, the study investigated major predictors of actual usage and continued usage intentions of e-learning system, and challenges of using the e-learning system. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected through a questionnaire survey of 300 third year undergraduate students, with a rate of return of 77 per cent. A total of 20 faculty members were also interviewed. The unified theory of acceptance and use of technology (UTAUT) was utilized in the study. Findings – The results show that actual usage was determined by self-efficacy, while continued usage intentions of web-based learning system was predicted by performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, self-efficacy, and actual usage. Challenges for using web-based LMS were related to information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure barrier, LMS user interface was not user friendly, weak ICT policies, management and technical support, limited skills, lack of awareness, resistance to change, and lack of time to prepare e-content and use the e-learning system. Practical implications – The study findings are useful to e-learning managers and university management to identify important factors and develop appropriate policies and strategies to encourage long-term usage of e-learning systems for future studies and lifelong learning. Originality/value – By using UTAUT in the context of continued usage intentions and the integration of an additional construct (“self-efficacy”), the extended UTAUT model fits very well in the web-based learning systems in Tanzania, in particular where such studies are scant. The findings can be used in other institutions with similar conditions in investigating the continued usage intentions of e-learning systems.
E-government adoption in developing countries: Trends in the use of models
(ESARBICA Journal, 2011) Komba, Mercy Mlay; Ngulube, P.
Like the evaluation of all other information systems initiatives, the evaluation of e-government in both theory and practice has proven to be important and complex. The importance of e-government evaluation is due to the enormous investment put in by governments for delivering e-government services and to the considerable pace of growth in the field of e-government. However, despite the importance of the evaluation of e-government services, the literature shows that e-government evaluation is still an immature area in terms of development and management. The main aim of this article is to explore various theories and models which have been used in the developing countries context to evaluate e-government adoption. Developing countries suffer from poor citizen utilization of egovernment initiatives. An assessment of various theories and models for e-government adoption in developing countries may positively contribute to enhancing government understanding of the factors that influence citizen utilization of e-government systems. Moreover, the understanding of these models can be used as means for providing valuable feedback for the planning of future egovernment initiatives in the developing countries.
Enforcement and implementation of environmental laws and the protection of mining
(Mzumbe University, 2013) Kileo, Emmanuel L.
The ecological problems in mining areas in Tanzania are increasing despite of the existing environmental laws. The research proves laws are ineffective to curb the environmental problems. This ineffectiveness of the laws is evidenced by increasing environmental degradation. Thus, the dissertation dealt with the critical analysis of the enforcement and implementation of environmental laws in Tanzania. The research also includes international environmental laws as Tanzania is a signatories of various international environmental treaties, participate in various global environmental conferences where declarations were made, aiming to protect environment. The research paper has a total of six chapters. The research at chapter one gives the general introduction of the research paper, this includes background, statement of the problem, hypotheses, objectives, significance of the research, literature reviews and research methodology. Chapter two is the conceptual framework whereby different concepts relating to the study have been discussed. Chapter three covers the international legal regime on environmental protection in mining areas. Chapter four has covered Tanzania laws on environment and environmental managerial structure in mainland Tanzania. Chapter five is the findings and analysis of the data collected. This main part forms the main body of the research paper guided by the four hypotheses for testing the objectives of the research. Lastly is chapter six which the researcher has come into the conclusion and recommendations to the problem. The materials used in writing this work were gathered by employing two techniques, these are; documentary review and field research. The research revealed that public officials entrusted on environmental protection have no commitment to perform their duties. Also, the law lack enabling provisions for enforcement and implementation of the laws. Lastly is the constitution which lack expressly provisions on environment. Inter alia it is recommended that the constitution to be amended and other laws to include exhaustive provisions addressing environmental protection in expressively manner and feasible enforceable
The contribution of microfinance institutions in poverty alleviation in Tanzania: A case of association of social advancement in Kinondoni Municipality
(Mzumbe University, 2017) Muyongo, Mwanamvua Bakari
This dissertation aimed at assessing the contribution of Microfinance Institution(MFIs) to poverty alleviation, with the specific focus on the Association of Social advancement (ASA) in Kinondoni Municipality, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Several studies by different scholars exist on the contribution of MFIs to poverty alleviation, however, rudimentary information exists on the contribution of MFIs to poverty alleviation through women income generating activities thus a gap this dissertation intended to fill. Specifically, this work (1) analysed the criteria used by ASA in establishing the credits and loans facilities women to poverty alleviation, (2) established whether loans and credits provided by ASA have impacts to poverty alleviation and (3) examined challenges facing women on the loans and credits acquisition from the institution. Qualitative and quantitative approaches were deployed where questionnaires, interview and documentary reviews were assisted the process of data collection. The results were analysed from 50 respondents who participated in the questionnaires and 15 respondents were interviewed regarding the impacts and challenges of the provision of service to the household’s. Generally, study findings revealed that, MFIs have beenthe viable and workable strategy to poverty alleviation. It has brought about positive impacts to the poor households since most of the peoples’ lives and living standards were improved. The findings revealed that microfinance institutions have been confirmed a bit worthy. Nevertheless microfinance institutionremainsas a limited indusrty in the world despite its demostrated efforts and impacts to poverty alleviation, economic growth and making profits. This dissertation concluded that; the MFIs contributed to poverty alleviation in the study area. Besides, the given evidence shows anexistence of thesubstantial barrier to entry into beneficaries due to the kept basis criteria on the loans and credits acquisition. A need to restructure some of it’s policies regarding the criteria being used to acquire the services. By doing this the MFIs would enable the diversification of incomeof the poor which has association to growth and improvement of well
Social-economic risks sustained by sexual workers who involve in commercial sex activities within Kinondoni Municipality: A Case of Kinondoni Municipality
(Mzumbe Unversity, 2017) Shoo, Lilian
Sexual works are activities that are illegal according to the law of the land in Tanzania. However, it has a grown route recently due to social, economic and technological dynamics taking place in the communities. The broad objective of the study was to observe the social-economic risks sustained by sexual workers who involve themselves in commercial sex activities within Kinondoni Municipality. Specifically study based on the four specific objectives such as to identify the social and economic factors influencing the participation of people in sexual workers within Kinondoni Municipality, to determine the level of impact of the social –economic risks sustained by sexual workers in Commercial sex activities on their socialeconomic welfare, to assess the challenges faced in eliminating sexual workers within Kinondoni Municipality and to identify the appropriate policy strategies to address the challenges faced in the elimination of sexual workers within Kinondoni Municipality. The findings of the study shows that 32 respondents (32%; n=100) in the study area described unemployment as the main socio-economic causes of commercial sex in the communities. Unemployment as one of the respondents who were interviewed defined it as the reality of an individual to lack job opportunities despite the fact that he or she has attained basic credibility to the job entitled. The research that was well designed to raise voices of the sexual economic group was conducted using observation, questionnaires, interview and other methodological techniques that required a high level of trust and respect of private life to come out with the recommendations that will add value to beneficiaries identified. Finally, this report has recommended that sexual workers in the study area desired to quit sex or commercial sex activities but they had no other alternatives to earn living. Others felt that they were not equipped in terms of having appropriate skills or trainings