Conference and Workshop Proceedings (LSD)

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    Evaluation of APA citation and referencing style for dissertations uploaded in the Mzumbe University Institutional Repository
    (Dar es Salaam University Press (DUP), 2023) Mshana, Sofia,; Mosha, Goodluck E.; Siyao, Peter Onauphoo
    Citation and referencing are paramount aspects of any scholarly and scientific writing. They are part of indications that the authors have done justice to the works of others and are one of the ways of avoiding plagiarism. This study was conducted to examine the extent to which postgraduate students at Mzumbe University adhere to the APA citation and referencing style in their dissertations uploaded to the Mzumbe Institutional Repository (MUIR) platform for the year between 2013 through 2019. This study employed a cross-sectional research design, which enables data to be collected at a single point in time. A mixed approach was used as the data collection method. A random sampling technique was used to select 128 dissertations from a population of 1056 dissertations uploaded in the MUIR between 2013 and 2019 for content analysis. A purposive sampling strategy was used to select a total of five postgraduate students and three lecturers who were involved in the interviews. Five research methods course outlines were also purposively selected to check if they contain topics or sub-topics on citation and referencing. Microsoft Spreadsheet was used to analyse quantitative data while qualitative data were analysed through content analysis. The findings show that a total of 70; 54.7 per cent of dissertations uploaded in the MUIR for seven years adhered to in-text citation APA style guidelines whereas 58; 45.3 per cent of dissertations did not adhere to the APA citation and referencing style. Major irregularities identified were unnecessary capitalisation, poor insertion of punctuation marks, incorrect use of ‘et al’ and lack of uniformity in writing the lists of references. The findings also showed that only one out of five postgraduate programme course outlines had a sub-topic on citation and referencing instructions. This study concludes that there was poor quality of in-text citations and referencing among postgraduate dissertations submitted to the MUIR between the years 2013 to 2019. This calls for serious intervention. The study calls upon responsible university units to employ strategies which will help in enforcing students’ compliance with dissertation writing guidelines. To ensure compliance, supervisors and external examiners should pay adequate attention to citation and referencing styles when supervising and examining theses and dissertations. There is a need of reviewing postgraduate research methods courses to add a topic on citation and referencing styles. University should also subscribe and sensitise postgraduate students on the importance of using reference management tools for improved citations and referencing styles in academic writing.
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    Equipping library users with digital literacy skills as a solution to COVID-19 and other similar disasters: Lessons from Mzumbe University library users
    (Dar es Salaam University Press (DUP), 2023) Josephat, W.; Mosha, G.; Siyao, P.
    The need for equipping students in Higher Learning Institutions with Digital Literacy Skills (DLS) is considered one of the measures that can enable academic libraries to deliver library services during the time of the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. This study aims at answering the following question: What types of digital literacy skills and tools were used by academic libraries during the COVID-19 closure of the universities. It also aims at analysing the way digital literacy skills could be used to support library services during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond. Similarly, it examines barriers which inhibited the deployment of digital literacy skills during its outbreak. The study adopted a case study design while using a mixed approach to data collection. A total of 46 respondents were drawn from the population using both census sampling and purposive sampling techniques. Data were collected using interview–guides, questionnaires and documentary reviews. Qualitative data were analysed using content analysis while quantitative data were analysed using Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet. The findings indicated that academic library is required to cooperate with faculties and schools by deploying the following digital tools: e-learning platforms, increasing the use of social media, conducting webinars, updating the library website, encouraging the use of library e-resources and improving the library virtual reference services. The following barriers were strongly mentioned as inhibitors of equipping respondents with digital literacy skills: poor internet connectivity, family income status, lack of comprehensive training on digital literacy skills, attitudes of lecturers towards digital literacy skills and lack of teleworking culture among librarians, students and lecturers. It was also noted that the deployment of digital literacy skills was worsened by an acute shortage of funding and resources. The study concludes that for libraries to effectively deliver library services both librarians and users must possess the necessary digital literacy skills. The ICT infrastructure, on the other hand, must be improved to enable libraries to apply digital literacy tools and facilities in the delivery of library services. The need to overhaul library training programmes adding a course on digital literacy skills and deployment of other emerging technologies in the delivery of library services. This study is anticipated to provide insights into the conditions of academic libraries during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study findings will be an eye opener to academic libraries that they have to undergo rapid transformations which will enable them to stay relevant and able to provide services during the pandemic and similar disasters.
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    Pivotal roles of the libraries in transforming education sector in Tanzania:
    (TLSB, 2022) Mosha Goodluck E.
    Aim & Background: This study aims at establishing the role which can be played by libraries in the transformation of the education sector taking the case of the United Republic of Tanzania. The author delineates the roles libraries need to play in the transforming educational sector in Tanzania. The study is based on the premise that if library resources and facilities will not be improved the transformation of the education sector in the country will not be positively realized. Methods: An extensive literature review was conducted to form data for this study. E-databases subscribed by Mzumbe University were searched to identify scholarly works on the role of the library in transforming the education sector. A total of sixteen papers qualified to be used in this study. Results obtained from the review were synthesized into a narrative text. Results: It was noted that the time between the 1970s to early 1990s education transformation in Tanzania was linked with libraries' myriad roles in education were vividly seen. As of the mid-1990s, a lot of challenges inhibited libraries from playing their role in supporting transformation in the education sector in Tanzania. The study suggested possible solutions to revamp the role of the library in transforming the educational sector in the country. Conclusion and Recommendations: Libraries are vital institutions, which cannot be separated from education. The presence of libraries is crucial and indispensable to education in a nation. Teachers’ education curriculum in Tanzania should include library education courses so that where a library lacks trained library staff teachers can assist in library management and in equipping students with basic information literacy skills. Keywords: Libraries, Educational sector, Education transformation, Adults education, Tanzania, Library and education, mobile libraries,