Analysis of the effect of school projects on school performance: A case of Morogoro Municipality

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Mzumbe University
The study analysed the effect of school projects in school performance, the focus was specifically to identify major economic projects owned and operated by secondary schools, determine the effect of income generated by school projects on student academic performance, and find out the challenges associated with economic projects in secondary schools in Morogoro Municipality. The study employed a cross-sectional research design and semi-structured questionnaire for data collection. The purposive non-probability sampling and simple random sampling were employed from which 180 respondents were chosen as a representative sample. The data was analysed using binary logit and descriptive analysis. The findings show that the major school economic projects owned and operated by schools were such as crop farming, meeting halls, renting farms, poultry rearing and office projects which were used to generate income. The study indicates that of all projects crop farming was the leading income generating project in some private as well as public secondary schools. The findings on the effect of school project on student academic performance revealed that some public secondary schools with projects had more chances of increasing their students’ academic performance by 48.46% than those with no school projects. The findings on challenges associated with school economic projects show that 29.4% of respondents indicated initial capital as a challenge in establishing school economic projects. The study also indicates that only 43.9% of respondents had skills that could help in initiating and operating projects in secondary schools about 43.9% of respondents strongly agreed that lack of interest in projects was also a challenge in the management of economic projects in schools. The study recommends that to improve academic performance in secondary schools, the school administration and other stakeholders should not rely on the government funds or subsidies only but put emphasis on economic projects which generate income for self-reliance. Public Secondary School should initiate and continue to operate viable projects so that schools can raise fund to handle academic issues appropriately. The government and other stakeholders should ensure that there are trainings to teachers and students to build capacity on projects management for effective production.
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for award of the Degree of Master of Science in Project Planning and Management (MSc-PPM) of the Mzumbe University
School projects, School performance, Self reliance