Water points economic institutional arrangements and collective ownership in Mvomero District

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Mzumbe Unversity
This study was conducted in Mvomero district in Morogoro region. The general objective of the study was to examine water point economic institutional arrangements and collective ownership with a particular focus to Mlali ward in Mvomero district. The specific objectives were to determine the contribution of water point ownership on the economic accessibility of clean water, to assess the impact of rules on the economic accessibility of clean water and to determine the influence of willingness to pay for water services on the economic accessibility of clean water as well as the factors affecting the willingness to pay. The study involved one hundred respondents. Data were collected using survey questionnaire, interview and focus group discussion. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software was used to analyze descriptive statistics as well as carrying out the multiple regression model which was used to explain the factors affecting water user’s willingness to pay for water. The results are such that, property rights assignment leads to the economic accessibility of clean water and conservation of water. Property rights reduce transaction costs associated with water use in collectively owned water sources and introduce incentives for conserving water resources and allocating water to the most valued users. Mlali water body and village government are the formal institutions for managing water points. They aid in efficient water allocation and conservation of water source. Also, informal rules that govern water use in Mlali are hamlet (Vitongoji) water committees. Norms agreed by all members also prevail. Moreover, there is water rationing which acts as the water use control because every village gets water in a specific day and at agreed hours. The multiple regressions were used to estimate factors that influence the willingness to pay for water. The findings show that WTP is determined by total income, water points being owned by Mlali Water Body and the informal rules used to governing water use. Sex and education level have no significant influence on WTP for water. The research study advocates that water resources should be owned by institutions or private individuals as this ownership increases the efficient allocation of water as well as the conservation of water resources as opposed to collective ownership. Also, the clear roles of Mlali Water Body and village water committee should be defined to avoid overlapping of responsibilities.
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Masters of Science in Project Planning and Management (MSc. PPM) of Mzumbe University
Natural Resources in Tanzania, Informal Institutions Governing Water, INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREAS::Water in nature and society, Water Management -Economic