The gendered paths to educational evaluation: Factors contributing to gender gap in women engagement for pets in Kilosa District

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Mzumbe University
While women and girls make a relative high number of rural populations compared to men, researches show than few women than male engage in the CSOs initiated Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys (PETS) at the district level to evaluate the local government use of financial resources for education sector. Based on such grounds, this study investigated factors contributing to gender gap in women access to opportunities for civic engagement in Kilosa district. The study utilised the descriptive case study design, conducted using both qualitative and quantitative approaches to research. Also, a sample of 120 study participants sampled for this study from Kilosa District was utilised and approached through the use of structured questionnaires and interview schedules. The study relied on descriptive analysis of primary data through the use of the SPSS, and secondary data analysis. The findings of the study show several factors that contribute to gender gap in women engagement for PETS in education sector. The acquired low level of education and multiple responsibilities were found the leading factors that contribute to gender gap in women engagement for PETS. Also, women were found to possess low levels of knowledge on PETS, and this creates fear in women engagement for PETS. Further, officials from CSOs who implement PETS perceived women to lack confidence in the PETS process. This can be possibly explained by the fact that women especially those living in rural areas have been socialized in a non-masculinity tendencies which limit their aggressiveness in the practice of PETS. The study concludes that the gendered type of socialization in rural settings generates factors that determine engagement in PETS. In this light, the study ends up by advancing several recommendations to CSOs and CBNs coordinating PETS and policy makers as women in the rural set ups. The key recommendations were seldom need to prepare strategic interventions to engage women and girls, there was need to institutionalize a gender lens at the local council level. There is a need to feminize the decentralization process in order to bridge the reform gaps. The local council enough planning department together with CSOs, should create a platform which could enhance visibility of rural community members the process of policy.
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the Degree of Master of Arts in Education (MA ED) of Mzumbe University
Gendered Paths to Educational Evaluation: Gender Gap, Women Engagement, Pets, Educational Evaluation