The trend of child labour and its effects on access to primary education in Masasi District

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Mzumbe University
For many years in Tanzania, appropriate interventions for enhancing access to primary education have been limited by several factors. This study provides the profile of the trend of child labour in Masasi district and its effects on the access to primary education among the children. The study utilizes case study design under qualitative sequential quantitative mixed research approach basing on interpretive philosophical lens. The survey involves four ward of Masasi district in which seventy-three (73) out of school child labourers aged 5 -14 years were involved in a sample acquired through purposive sampling. With the use of interview, questionnaire, observation and document analysis the findings revealed that child labour in Masasi district has been less considered by the surrounding community as a problem. Lower income of the parents has been identified as the major factor fueling child labour in the district whereby children have to work to meet their own needs and the family’s. Yet, child labour leads to massive dropouts among children in primary schools and cause complete failure of enrolment to some other children. Understanding that the problem can be reduced, the framework to address how to curb child labour has been proposed. Data analysis employed SPSS computer software version 16.0 and Microsoft Office Excel in analysing quantitative data. Also there was the use of content analysis in the analysis of qualitative.
A dissertation submitted as a partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Master’s degree of Arts in Education (M.A.Ed) of Mzumbe University.
Child Labour, Drop Out, Access to Primary Education