International obligation in preventing trafficking in person: an examination of the anti- trafficking law in Tanzania

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Mzumbe University
This study focuses on the experiences of the law on human trafficking in Tanzania. Trafficking of human being has many effects on victims: it deprives them of human rights and freedoms; it may also pose a public health risk. Historically, migration of people for example, those who are fostered by extended family is a long-standing customary practice in Tanzania, but while the circumstances of fostering have changed, given increasing rural poverty and the impact of the HIV/AIDS crisis, this has not been recognized in Tanzanian society. The government of Tanzania enacted the Anti-Trafficking Act in 2008, and the Law of Child Act 2009, but people (children) who migrate are increasingly being exploited and abused; this has transformed specific cases from migration into trafficking. Despite its rising profile in many parts of the world, and Tanzania specifically efforts are made to raise public awareness to the problem in Tanzania on human trafficking. Tanzania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labour and sexual exploitation. Boys are trafficked within the country for forced labor on farms, in mines, and in the informal business sector. Tanzanian girls from rural areas are trafficked to urban centers and the island of Zanzibar for domestic servitude and commercial sexual exploitation ; some domestic workers fleeing abusive employers fall prey to forced prostitution. The Government of Tanzania does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The overall objective of this study was to explore in depth international obligation in preventing trafficking in person while the specific objectives were: To examine the international laws which establish obligations in preventing human trafficking, To make an assessment on how the Tanzania anti trafficking Laws have curbed human trafficking in Tanzania. The studies employed Library research on documentary data, starting to find out whether this issue of trafficking has been taken care of effectively and go further to explore the modality and best practices from other jurisdiction as far as ways to prevent the problem. Interview was conducted to few stake holders for analogous reasoning on this aspect. Comparison is made on the law at common law and other related jurisdictions on this subject.
A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Masters of Law (International Law) of Mzumbe University
human trafficking, HIV/AIDS, Victim Vulnerability Model, Modern Slavery Theory