Maternal health care utilizationand its socio-economic implications in Tanzania: A study of Ilembo and Masoko wards in Mbeya district
This study examined the socio-economic implications of Maternal Health Care in Tanzania using Masoko and Ilembo wards as a case study. The specific questions were (a) To what extent does maternal health care utilization affect household production in Tanzania? (b) To what degree does maternal health care utilization affect the healthy days of maternal mothers in Tanzania? (c)To what level does maternal health care utilization reduce vulnerability to diseases of maternal mothers in Tanzania? (d)To what extent does maternal health care utilization affect the health expenditure of the Tanzanians? The random probability sampling technique chose a sample size of 143 respondents. The findings show that most respondents (64%) made one to three antenatal Care visits, while 36% made the required number of four and above antenatal care clinic visits. Based on these data, it can be confirmed that the utilization is low. The findings also show that the maternal mother’s age, distance, lack of education, and income level were reasons for the low utilization of maternal health services. On the socio-economic effects, the results showed that respondents with higher antenatal care visit majority 76.7% of them earned more than 500,000Tzs per year compared to 23.3% with lower antenatal care visits (p=0.0005). Furthermore, among respondents with higher antenatal care clinic visits, only 7.6% were unhealthy for more than 40 days per year compared to 92.4% with lower antenatal care clinic visits (p= 0.0005). In respondents with higher antenatal care clinic visits, only 17.9% were vulnerable to hemorrhage, puerial-sepsis, eclampsia, and anemia compared to 82.1% with lower antenatal care clinic visits (p=0.0005). 91.4% of respondents with lower antenatal care visits spent more than 100,000Tzs on health problems compared to only 8.6% with higher antenatal care visits (p=0.0005). Increase of health facilities Availability and provision of maternal health knowledge were some of the study's policy recommendations.
A dissertation submitted in fulfillment of the requirements for the award of Degree of Master of Science in Project Planning and Management of Mzumbe University
Maternal health care, Maternal mothers, Health expenditure