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Community perceptions on climate change effect and household food security in Karatu district, Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Kyusilu, Jacqueline
dc.date.accessioned 2020-09-21T07:39:49Z
dc.date.available 2020-09-21T07:39:49Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/11192/4206
dc.description A Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Award of the Degree of Master of Science in Environmental Management (MSc.EM) of Mzumbe University en_US
dc.description.abstract This study assessed community perceptions on the effects of climate change and household food security in Karatu District, Tanzania. Climate change is leading to the occurrence of events like precipitation and temperature changes, strong winds, and the occurrence of pests and diseases which have negative effects to crops growth. The study-specific objectives were to examine community perception on climate change, to determine the effects of climate change on household food security, to determine the adaptation measures applied towards the effects of climate change to household food security, and to examine the mitigation measures applied by the household to reduce the impacts of climate change. Data were obtained through interviews with key informants from the government, and a questionnaire used to interview households from small scale farmers of Ganako and Rhotia Wards in Karatu District Council. The findings show that the community perceived there were changes in precipitation and temperature, the occurrence of strong winds, and the emergency of weeds and insects destroying food crops. The perception of most of the respondents was that climate changes were due to anthropogenic causes and their effects led to the decline of food production and the status of food security to most of the households is low. The adaptation measures applied for climate change effects were the adaptation of good farming methods that help to raise food production. Mitigation measures applied were raising awareness on environmental protection and conservation to reduce the impacts of climate change to decrease the effects of climate change on household food security. The anthropogenic climate change effects led to food insecurity, although there were different adaptation and mitigation measures applied to address the effects of climate change on food security the results are not remarkable. Thus the government and stakeholders need to study community perception on climate change effects, to understand community challenges related to climate effects to household food security, and the findings can be used to improve national policies and legislation related to climate change and food security, like climate change strategy in Tanzania. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Mzumbe University en_US
dc.subject Climate change en_US
dc.subject Food security en_US
dc.title Community perceptions on climate change effect and household food security in Karatu district, Tanzania en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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